Institut de Gestion de l'Environnement et d'Aménagement du Territoire

PROJETS

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72 projets - ordre décroissant par date de publication
31-40 out of 72  / 

This FP7 (EU) project addresses gaps in the current understanding of the complexity of the contexts of individual behavior and how these should be taken into account when devising policies for transitions to sustainable development. InContext distinguishes two strands of contexts determining the opportunities (drivers) and constraints (barriers) shaping individual behaviours related to sustainable development: a° the external context to individual behaviour: politics, policies, infrastructure, social institutions, culture, habits, lifestyles (societal or structural factors). b° the internal context to individual behaviour: knowledge, personal interests, values, priorities and basic needs as the motivational factors for any behaviour (individual or agent-based factors).

Le projet ISEU (pour Integration of Standards, Ecodesing and Users in energy-using products) est une étude sociotechnique intégrée à propos de la fabrication et de l’utilisation des appareils domestiques consommateurs d’énergie. Trois domaines sont étudiés : - La dynamique des utilisateurs : Comment les utilisateurs s’approprient-ils les appareils ? Qu’attendent-ils de leurs appareils ? Quel rôle les appareils pourraient-ils jouer un apprenant les comportements plus éco-efficients ? - La dynamique des normes : Comment les normes sont-elles élaborées ? En quoi l’écoconception peut-elle apporter quelque chose à la construction des normes ? - La dynamique des producteurs : Comment les producteurs tiennent-ils compte des comportements et des besoins des consommateurs lorsqu’ils conçoivent un appareil ? Quelles sont les options possibles qui ont un impact sur la consommation d’énergie ? Lesquelles sont-elles adoptées, et lesquelles ne le sont-elles pas ?

KLIMOS aims at generating capacity to enable the necessary transition to a sustainable society. KLIMOS will contribute to this aim through a process of mutual learning with the Belgian Development Cooperation and its partners in the South. Research activities will focus on (1) management of natural resources for multiple ecosystem services, (2) development of sustainable energy systems and urban infrastructures, (3) innovations in governance and institutional reform, and (4) sustainability monitoring & evaluation. Research outcomes will feed into the KLIMOS Sustainability Toolkit for project design and evaluation, and will provide strategic policy support and tailor-made training and advice to the Belgian Development Cooperation.

Le but de la recherche est l'analyse du développement récent du quartier africain Matonge de Bruxelles comme une destination touristique. Ses éléments attirant les visiteurs sont identifiés et comparés avec les quartiers d'immigration moins touristiques. Par ailleurs, les perceptions et dynamiques des différents groupes d'acteurs sont examinées comprenant les politiques touristiques de la commune et des pouvoirs publics, ainsi que du secteur marchand, de l'HORECA et de la communauté locale.

Évaluer les opportunités des jeux olympique 2012 à Londres et tracer les premières pistes de réflexion à l'attention des acteurs du tourisme.

La recherche porte sur un rapprochement des responsables touristiques et patrimoniaux pour assurer une meilleure protection et valorisation des sites. Elle démontre que les sites gérés de façon arbitraire sont en danger et que la protection n'est pas forcément liée à la fréquentation. Elle met en question le système de capacité de charge et propose des moyens alternatifs de protection.

In the dichotomy between migrants and refugees/asylum-seekers, the former are typically cast as economically motivated, and set apart from refugees, fleeing war and persecution. Yet environmental changes are increasingly part of migration journeys, and count amongst the factors that call into question the distinction made between migrants and refugees. At the same time, in the international negotiations on climate change, migration is increasingly mooted as a possible adaptation strategy to the impacts of climate change. But only few studies exist as to how migration could actually work for adaptation, and none of them addresses migration in Belgium. This is the goal of this project, delineated into two parts. First, MIGRADAPT will look at the role of the environment as a driver for recent migration to Belgium. While it is unlikely that one could single out environmental changes as a key driver of migration to Belgium, except in exceptional cases, the project will rather attempt to provide an assessment on how migrants perceive the environment to have influenced their migration journey as well as how they perceive current environmental disruption in their countries of origin. Indeed, many countries of origin or of transit of migrants to Belgium are affected by significant environmental disruptions. How are such disruptions perceived by the migrants? Through its innovative theoretical and empirical approach MIGRADAPT will provide scientific evidence on the role of environmental drivers in migration decisions and on how perceived and observed environmental changes exacerbate pre-existing migration flows to Belgium through its impacts on the other most commonly addressed drivers of migration, such political and economic factors. Moreover, the project will show how environmental disruptions not only affect the first stage of human mobility from their countries of origin, but also how environmental stressors intervene throughout migrants ‘fragmented journeys’, including their potential to alter migratory routes and destinations entirely. Second, MIGRADAPT seeks to understand how migrants can support the adaptation and resilience of their communities of origin. How and under which conditions can migration support the adaptation and resilience of communities affected by environmental changes? MIGRADAPT will provide evidence on how and under which conditions migration to Belgium can support the adaptation and resilience of origin communities and also on how the perception that migrants have on environmental shocks in their origin communities can impact the amount, form, and use of the socio-economic remittances that they send. Through its transnational and multi-sited methodology that captures both the drivers and impacts of migration, MIGRADAPT will address the multifactor aspect of the dynamics of environmental migration and its implications for both migrants and those remaining in communities of origin. The evidence from the project, both in Belgium and in three different countries of origin of the selected migrants, will be translated into policy recommendations that should allow policy makers to tailor and mainstream the environmental component of migration into migration policies, including bilateral migration agreements. The project will also seek to inform Belgian climate and development policies, so that they can better incorporate migration into the strategies. Overall, the project will seek the maximise the potential of migration for adaptation to environmental changes, building on its appraisal of the migration-environment nexus in Belgium.

Cette étude et le rapport qui s’en est suivi constitue en quelques sorte une introduction aux méthodes de prospective et de planification à long terme. Cette étude débouche sur l’élaboration d’une grille d’analyse qui est ensuite appliquée à une série d’exercices de prospective et de planification, comme autant d’étude de cas qui contribueront à consolider et valider notre grille d’analyse.

Analyse des mobilités circulaires, études sur les mobilités des populations entre les villes Européennes